1.A1 is called for a common foul, and it is A5’s fifth personal foul. A1 properly leaves the game after receiving this fifth and disqualifying foul. Later in the game, A1 reports to the table to check back into the game. Neither the official scorer nor the officials recognize that A1 had previously been disqualified, and they allow A1 to re-enter the game. After a few minutes have run off the game clock and (a) after A1 had checked back out of the game, or (b) while A1 is still in the game, the scorer notifies the officials that A1 had been disqualified, but participated again in the game. What is the result?
2. A5 and B5 foul each other in the post simultaneously. A5’s foul is intentional. The following are true statements.
a. B5 will shoot two free throws.
b. The game will continue with the AP Arrow and no free throws.
c. The game will continue from the point of interruption and no free throws.
3. Team A has the ball in its backcourt, and team B is in a full-court press. A1 has the ball and attempts a long pass to A2, who is near the free-throw line in team A’s frontcourt. The pass is not a good one, is not heading directly to A2 and is floating in the air for a long time. Both A2 and B3 break quickly toward where the ball is coming back to the playing court. Both players are moving rapidly, jump and reach for the ball, and collide in midair. Both players reached that point on the court at the same time while attempting to reach the errant pass, and both did nothing more than jump in an effort to catch the pass. The contact is severe, and both players fall hard to the ground. Shall the severe contact result in a foul, and if so, on whom shall the foul be called?
4. A1 is fouled by B2 near the division line, and team A is in the bonus. Prior to A1’s free throws being attempted, B3 shoves A4, followed by A5 shoving B3. Handle the Situation ?
5. A1 is fouled while dribbling the ball, and team A is in the bonus. The officials fail to award A1 bonus free throws. Instead, team A is awarded a throw-in. Team A completes the throw-in, and A2 scores a basket. Team B inbounds the ball, moves the ball down the court, and the ball is deflected out of bounds by A3. At this time, the official timer sounds the horn as team A’s coach has made an appeal to the official scorer to have the error corrected. Can the error be corrected, and if not, what is the result?
1. Participating after being disqualified results in a technical foul. The technical foul is only penalized if it is discovered while being violated. Therefore, in (a), since A1 was no longer in the game, no technical foul shall be assessed. In (b), a technical foul shall be charged directly to team A’s head coach, A1 shall be removed from the game, team B shall receive two free throws and a division line throw in (10-6-3, 10.6.3).
2. c- 4-36-1.
3. Contact that is incidental in an effort by opponents to reach a loose ball, or contact that results when opponents are in equally favorable positions to perform normal defensive or offensive movement should be permitted even though the contact may be severe or excessive. Since A2 and B3 were both making an attempt to catch the ball and both were in equally favorable positions to catch the ball, the resulting contact is simply incidental contact, and no foul shall be called on either player. The fact that the contact was severe and led to both players going hard to the ground is not relevant. A no-call is the correct call on this play (4-27-2).
4. B3 and A5 shall each be assessed contact dead-ball technical fouls for that unnecessary contact during a dead ball. The free throws shall be shot in the order in which the fouls occurred, all of which with no players lined up in the marked lane spaces. A1 shall shoot the bonus free throws for B2’s common foul, followed by any team A player shooting free throws for B3’s technical foul, followed by any team B player shooting free throws for A5’s technical foul. Since the last contact dead-ball technical was by A5, team B shall receive a division-line throw-in after the final free throw (4-19-5c, 7-5-6a, 8-6-2, 10-4-7 Pen.).
5.When the officials error by failing to award a merited free throw, the error is correctable, but the error must be recognized and corrected by an official during the first dead ball after the game clock properly started. The first dead ball was after A2’s successful goal. Once team B had the ball at its disposal for the ensuing throw-in, it is too late to correct the error. Therefore, the error shall not be corrected. One 60-second timeout or one 30-second timeout, when all 60-second timeouts have been used, shall be charged to team A (2-10-1a, 2-10-2, 5-8-4, 5-11-4).
1. A1 has red pre-wrap around one wrist with white athletic tape wrapped around it. Additionally, there is writing on the athletic tape that says “Go Bobcats”. The officiating crew allows this. T-F
2. With time about to expire at the end of the second half, A1 attempts a three-point try, and the try is successful to give team A a one-point lead. There are still 5 seconds left on the game clock after the ball passes through the net. Bench personnel A6, A7 and A8 all mistakenly believe the game is over, and run out onto the floor to celebrate. Meanwhile, B1 has the ball out of bounds along the endline for the ensuing throw-in, but B1 is unable to complete the throw-in because A6, A7 and A8 are in the way while celebrating in team B’s backcourt. Which of the following are True:
a. This is an indirect technical foul to The Head Coach of Team A.
b. This is a direct technical foul to The Head Coach of Team A.
c. There is no technical foul as long as Team A did not delay the game.
3. A1 is fouled by B2 during a breakaway layup attempt. After the unsuccessful try, A1 gets in B2’s face and starts yelling at B2. Before B2 can respond in any fashion, B3 runs in and shoves A1 away from B2. The officials quickly close to secure the area and ensure no further unsporting activity or illegal contact occurs. The following are true statements:
a. This is a false double foul.
b. A1 and B3 fouls will cancel each other out.
c. Fouls will be shot in the order of occurrence.
d. a and c
4. A1 has the ball for a throw- in on the endline in Team A’s frontcourt. A1 completes the throw-in to A2, but A1 remains out of bounds for a few seconds after releasing the ball. A1 then runs along the endline while still out of bounds, runs past A5 who is inbounds and is screening A1’s defender. A1 then re-enters the playing floor, receives a pass and shoots an uncontested shot. What is the infraction:
a. Technical foul on A1 for a player purposely delaying their return on the floor.
b. Violation on A1 for purposely delaying their return on the floor.
5. A1 is dribbling the ball and attempts to pass the ball to A2, who is near the sideline. B3 who is attempting to guard A2, step out of bounds to avoid a screen that is being set by A4, B3 immediately steps back inbounds and intercepts pass from A1. This is a legal play. T-F.
2. b- 10-6-5.
3. d- 4-19-9, 8-6-2.
4. a- Case Book- 10.4.2
5. False- 9-3-3
1. In the trail and center in “3” person, stay attached to the side line and then attack to get your angles.
2. Get into your dependable positions. Don’t procrastinate. Get there.
3. Work on voice projection.
4. Use proper terminology.
5. Be yourself with your partner(s) and coaches. Don’t emulate other officials.
6. Have good body language.
7. Practice Communication skills.
8. Mechanics- 3 parts- Balance, Positioning, Signals.
9. Adjudicating a Play- Use the right sequence for the situation.
10. Have good eye contact in front court sets with your partner(s).
1. Have self-control.
2. Manage your demeanor
3. Use your relationship skills.
4. Have good non-verbal communication.
5. Have positive body language.
6. Have a “Look” of believability and confidence.
7. Listen and when in doubt- Listen
8. Be quick to listen and slow to speak.
9. Develop redirecting strategies.
10. Do not seek closure.
11. The Goal- Move the game and get to the next play.
12. Be an option thinker.
13. Project strength- Run the Game.
14. Error on the side of strength.
15. Grow from each encounter.
These attributes are from Ed Rush- Director of the Court Club and NBA Finals Official. Thank You Ed.
1. When calling a technical foul , call them with dignity.
2. Have good body language.
3. After you call a technical foul, go opposite the table and have your partner(s), protect your back and have them direct you into the right direction.
4. Know where are you going to put the ball into play, if you have layered plays.
5. OFF Officials- Be team oriented, don’t throw the calling official under the boss.
6. If you permit unsporting conduct, you promote it.
7. Get the ball back into play quickly.
8. Don’t use stop signs, keep both hands at belt buckle and diffuse.
9. Don’t avoid a coaches’ bad behavior.
10. Don’t point after a technical foul, if you have to point, point to the floor.
Al Battista is regarded as one of the most knowledgeable experts in the field of basketball rules at all levels. In addition to this, he is a well-known clinician and observer of officials. Currently, he is Maryland State and Board 12 Interpreter for scholastic basketball. He has served as an officials’ observer for the NBA and WNBA and is currently the NBA chief scout for officials in the Northeast USA.